This is named after the inventor who became one of the great names in steel-making. In 1855, Bessemer devised his converter; this blasted air into molten pig-iron, allowing the production of steel at one-fifth of the previous cost. Bessemer found West Cumbrian iron ore to be the country’s purest and most suitable for his process. The system was introduced at the West Cumberland Haematite Iron Company’s Oldside works in 1860, soon after Bessemer visited the area and, in 1872, the company began producing steel from its own pig-iron.
Find out More >